Edamame Nutrition Facts
Edamame Nutrition Facts For some Indonesians, edamame may not be well known. Even though Indonesia is one of the countries that produces edamame. Some of them have even penetrated the global market, especially Japan.
Edamame beans have a sweet taste with a smooth texture. Simply put, edamame is consumed after being boiled first. Edamame can also be added to some dishes such as salads, soups or stir-fries.
Almost every Japanese restaurant provides edamame as an appetizer. Japanese people can get edamame in supermarkets in frozen form, either still in the skin or already peeled.
Edamame belongs to the group of green beans but is different from peas. The difference lies in the seeds which are more similar to soybeans but are green in color. Morphologically, the shape is similar to soybeans, but edamame is usually larger in size.
Scientifically, edamame which has the Latin name Glycin max (L) Merrill , is generally better known as Japanese soybeans. Edamame plants are included in the category of annual plants with low shrubs, erect, dense leaves. Meanwhile the height is between 30 to 30 cm. Several types of edamame plants that have been developed in Indonesia are the types of Ocumani, Tsuronoko, Tsurumidori, Taiso, and Ryokkoh .
Related to the nutritional content, edamame can be processed for various special needs, including:
- Alternatives to milk substitutes: In some cases, some people cannot enjoy the benefits and deliciousness of milk. There are at least two things that cause people can not consume milk, namely allergies and intolerance. Allergies are reactions that involve the immune system in which certain proteins are considered foreign substances. As a result, several symptoms appear such as itching, watery eyes, and so on. One component that often causes allergies is casein in cow’s milk. The only way to avoid allergies is not to eat the food that causes allergies. However, to complete the nutritional needs, it is necessary to add alternative intakes, one of which is edamame. The second case that causes not being able to consume milk is intolerance, due to a metabolic deficiency that causes several symptoms.lactose intolerance. Milk contains a sugar called lactose. To break down lactose into galactose and glucose, the enzyme lactase is needed. Unfortunately, not everyone has enough lactase enzymes. As a result, diarrhea occurs when consuming milk.
- Lowering the risk of atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and stroke: Blood blockage due to cholesterol buildup can lead to hypertension, coronary heart disease. One of the causes of heart disease in women, especially postmenopausal women, is the loss of protection made by the hormone estrogen. These sex hormones work together with white blood cells to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Isoflavones in edamame can function as compounds similar to the hormone estrogen. Not only that, isoflavones can also reduce the risk of oxidation of bad cholesterol (LDL). Because, if oxidized, LDL can form plaquewhich increases the risk of heart disease, hypertension and stroke
- Reduce blood cholesterol levels: Dietary fiber can lower blood cholesterol in two ways: First is to increase cholesterol in food. The second is binding cholesterol which will come from the destruction of bile acids. As a result, to produce bile acids, cholesterol is taken from the blood
- Lowering the risk of cancer, premature aging, and diseases caused by free radicals: Some phytochemical compounds, such as chlorophyll in edamame have antioxidant activity. Antioxidant compounds can neutralize free radicals. Free radical attack can cause cell damage that causes cancer, premature aging, and others